Plug-in Electric Vehicles
Plug-in electric vehicles, known as PEVs, offer you a clean, quiet and enjoyable ride. In the coming years, even more exciting developments in all-electric vehicles will occur. Carmakers are promising drivers that the next generation of PEVs will be more affordable and have at least 200 miles of battery range on a single charge. PEVs have the added advantage of being better for the environment, especially those getting their charge from clean energy sources, which greatly reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions associated with driving. If a PEV is a good fit for your lifestyle and driving habits, you’ll find that there are other benefits compared to standard motor vehicles. Below is some information that may be helpful to you if you are considering purchasing a PEV.
Are You Interested in Owning Your Own Electric Vehicle?
A PEV is a vehicle with an electric battery motor that can be plugged into an electrical outlet or charging station to recharge the battery. There are currently two major types of personal electric vehicles – the battery electric vehicle and the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
- BEVs run strictly on an electric motor with rechargeable battery power. BEVs have longer electric ranges than plug-in hybrids, but do not have a source for backup power.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
- PHEVs contain both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. These vehicles have a shorter electric range than BEVs; however, they have the ability to use gas for backup power when the battery is depleted to provide an overall longer range.
Charger levels vary based on the type of electric vehicle being driven and the driving distance between charges.
- The Level 1 Charger is the slowest charger and fits in a standard wall outlet.
- A Level 1 Charger can fully replenish the battery of most PHEVs overnight.
- A Level 1 Charger requires no special installation.
- The Level 2 Charger fits into an outlet similar to one used by an electric clothes dryer and charges quicker than a Level 1 Charger.
- A Level 2 Charger is recommended for BEVs being recharged at your home because it is better suited for the BEV’s longer driving range.
- A licensed electrician is recommended for the installation of a Level 2 Charger since significant rewiring will likely be necessary.
- The DC Quick Charger is the fastest method currently on the market for recharging a PEV battery.
- Because of the high price associated with the installation in residential areas, DC Quick Chargers are typically found only in commercial settings.
- Specific electric vehicles require different types of DC Quick Charger hardware.
- New commercial electric charging stations are being installed yearly. For a map of charging stations near you visit http://www.plugshare.com/. *
*Santee Cooper does not own or operate this website and does not guarantee any of the information contained therein.
For information about workplace charging stations and associated costs, visit: http://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-equipment-costs.*
|Charger Type||Recommended Use||Charging Rate||Voltage|
|Level 1||Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle||3-5 miles per hour||120 volts|
|Level 2||Plug-in Hybrid or Battery Electric Vehicle||10-25 miles per hour||240 volts|
|DC Quick Charge||Battery Electric Vehicle||65-170 miles in first half hour||480+ volts|
Cost to Drive
While PEVs may have higher upfront prices than other vehicles, cost advantages should be considered when deciding whether to buy a PEV.
- You may be eligible to receive a federal tax credit.
- According to some estimates, the costs of operating a PEV could be as little as half the price of operating a standard vehicle.1
- PEVs never require an oil change and have significantly fewer moving parts than a standard vehicle, resulting in lower maintenance costs.2
- To compare the price of gas to the price of electric charging, visit http://energy.gov/articles/egallon-how-much-cheaper-it-drive-electricity# .*
* Santee Cooper does not own or operate this website and does not guarantee any of the information contained therein.
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