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Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV)

Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV)

Plug-in electric vehicles, known as PEVs, offer you a clean, quiet, and enjoyable ride, and the coming years will offer even more exciting developments in all-electric vehicles.  Carmakers are promising  drivers that the next generation of PEVs will be more affordable and have at least 200 miles of battery range on a single charge.   PEVs have the added advantage of being better for the environment, especially PEVs that get their charge from clean energy sources, which greatly reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions associated with driving.  If a PEV is a good fit for your lifestyle and driving habits, you’ll find that there are other benefits compared to standard motor vehicles. If you are considering purchasing a PEV, here is some information that may be helpful to you.

Are You Interested in Owning Your Own Electric Vehicle? 

A PEV is a vehicle with an electric battery motor that can be plugged into an electrical outlet or charging station to recharge the battery. There are currently two major types of personal electric vehicles – the battery electric vehicle and the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

  • BEVs run strictly on an electric motor with rechargeable battery power. BEVs have longer electric ranges than plug-in hybrids but have no source for backup power.
  • PHEVs contain both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. These vehicles have a shorter electric range than BEVs; however, they have the ability to use gas for backup power when the battery is depleted to provide an overall longer range.

Differences between a BEV and PHEV

 
BEV1
PHEV1

Battery Range

62-240 miles

13-53 miles

Cost

Starting at $23,800

Starting at $32,600
Plug-in Electric Vehicle

Charging Options

Charger levels vary based on the type of electric vehicle being driven and the driving distance between charges.
  • The Level 1 Charger is the slowest charger and fits in a standard wall outlet.
  • A Level 1 Charger can fully replenish the battery of most PHEVs overnight.
  • No special installation is needed for this charger.
  • The Level 2 Charger is quicker than a Level 1 Charger and fits into an outlet similar to one used by an electric clothes dryer.
  • Because it is better suited for the BEV’s longer driving range, a Level 2 Charger is recommended for BEVs being recharged at your home.   
  • A licensed electrician is recommended for installation of a Level 2 Charger since significant rewiring will likely be necessary.   
  • The DC quick charger is the fastest method currently on the market for recharging a PEV battery.
  • Because of the high price associated with installation in residential areas, it is typically found only in commercial settings.
  • Specific electric vehicles require different types of DC Quick Charger hardware.
  • New commercial electric charging stations are being installed yearly. For a map of charging stations near you visit http://www.plugshare.com/. *

 

For information about workplace charging stations and associated costs, visit: http://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-equipment-costs.*
 

Charger Type
Recommended Use
Charging Rate
Voltage

Level 1
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle
3-5 miles
per hour
120
volts
Level 2 Battery Electric Vehicle 10-25 miles
per hour

240
volts
DC Quick
Charge
 
Battery Electric Vehicle 65-170 miles
in first half hour
480+
volts
Cost to Drive:

While PEVs may have higher upfront prices than other vehicles, cost advantages should be considered when deciding whether to buy a PEV.
  • You may be eligible to receive a Federal tax credit.
  • According to some estimates, the costs of operating a PEV could be as little as half the price of operating a standard vehicle.2
  • PEVs never require an oil change and have significantly fewer moving parts than a standard vehicle, resulting in lower maintenance costs.3
  • To compare the price of gas to the price of electric charging, visit http://energy.gov/articles/egallon-how-much-cheaper-it-drive-electricity# .*

Questions Concerning Electric Vehicles:

Contact us by submitting your questions on the form
below.


*Santee Cooper does not own or operate this website and does not guarantee any of the information contained therein.
1
Data varies based on PEV make and model. Prices and mileage are accurate as of July 2016.
2 http://energy.gov/articles/egallon-how-much-cheaper-it-drive-electricity
3
https://www.energy.gov/eere/eveverywhere/ev-everywhere-electric-car-safety-maintenance-and-battery-life